it什么意思,来看看竟然有五种不同的意思
it什么意思
作者: 达内重点教育
2018-12-03 16:06:50
59.2K
[ 闻蜂导读 ] 先来说说什么是代词?

先来说说什么是代词

顾名思义既指代人、事、物的词,

“指人”就是老师们口中常说的人称代词,这也是初中最基础且最重要的知识点之一。

你能一口气说出所有的人称代词么?!

听说“it”竟然有五种不同的意思?

听说“it”竟然有五种不同的意思?

曾几何时,英语老师们总有这样一句口头禅:“男他女她宝盖儿它”分别指代he, she, it,而对于小小的“it”只是宝盖儿这么简单么?!

并不是!

01、it指代无生命的动物、植物、事物

it指代动物:

This cute animal is penguin. It lives in Antarctica (南极洲).

it 指代植物:

On Mother’s Day, children usually buy their mums some carnation (康乃馨). Itrepresents the love to mum.

it指代事物:

- Where is your office?

- It is on the fourth floor.

02、it指不明性别的婴儿或无法确定的人

it 指代不明性别的小婴儿:

They have got a baby and it is lovely.

it 指代无法确定的人:

- Who’s it over there?

- It’s the milkman.

03、it指代前文中的事物

He smokes in bed and I don’t like it.

I would appreciate (感谢) it if you could do me a favour.

When the factory closes, it will mean 500 workers will be unemployed (失业的).

04、it指代时间、天气、日期、距离

it 指代时间:

- What time is it?

- It is half past eight.

it指代天气:

- What’s the weather like today?

- It is sunny.

it 指代日期:

- What is the date today?

- It is 22nd October.

it 指代距离:

We can walk home. It isn’t far.

05、it做形式主语或者形式宾语

何为“形式”?

既表面上看it貌似是主语,但是真实地讲it这个词真不是主语。

听说“it”竟然有五种不同的意思?

真正的主语是it指代的内容(to do或句子形式)

it 做形式主语

It is nice to see you again. (It =to see you again)

It is easy to find your house. (It = to find your house)

It is impossible to understand her. (It = to understand her)

It is a pity that he missed the first flight. (It =that he misses the first flight)

It seems that he has passed the exam. (It =that he has passed the exam)

It is said that the woman won the first prize. (It =that the woman won the first prize)

it 做形式宾语

He feels it his duty (暂时) to help others. (it =to help others)

She found it very difficult to answer the question. (it =to answer the question)

People in the west make it a rule (规则) to buy Christmas presents for their relatives (亲戚) and friends. (it =to buy Christmas presents for their relatives and friends)

05、总结

听说“it”竟然有五种不同的意思?

怎么样?看完之后你还会觉得“it”那么难吗?想要了解更多吗?欢迎给我们留言讨论关于it的那些事!

 

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